Joshua is a story away from conquest and you will satisfaction for those regarding Jesus

Identity and you will Theological Theme

After years of bondage during the Egypt and you can 40 years during the the latest desert, brand new Israelites have been eventually permitted to enter the land guaranteed in order to their fathers. Abraham, always a beneficial migrant, never ever owned the nation that he was delivered, but the guy kept so you can their college students the newest history away from God’s covenant one to made him or her this new ultimate heirs of all the off Canaan (find Ge ,sixteen,18; 17:8). Joshua try bound to turn who promise towards truth. Where Deuteronomy closes, the book of Joshua starts: The tribes of Israel are camped towards eastern top of your Jordan Lake. The brand new story opens up which have God’s order to go submit and citation from river on the dry land. Then it applies new number of wins from inside the main, southern and you will north Canaan one offered the fresh new Israelites control over all the brand new hill country while the Negev. It continues on which have an explanation of tribal allotments and you can concludes which have Joshua’s last details to people. This new motif of your own guide, therefore, ‘s the place away from God’s people Israel from the Lord’s belongings, the brand new land he previously guaranteed provide her or him as their place off «rest» regarding the world (1:thirteen,15; ; 22:4; 23:1; select together with Dt 3:20 and you may mention; 12:9-10; ; 1Ki 5:cuatro and you may notice; 8:56). Therefore the High King’s vow for the partriarchs and Moses so you’re able to supply the home of Canaan into the chosen individuals of his empire became typically satisfied (1:1-6; -45).

Regarding the story the book informs, around three no. 1 actors may play a role: «the lord» (as Israel’s God), his slave Joshua, along with his somebody Israel (the very last a collective «character» throughout the story). I fulfill all about three quickly into the ch. step 1, where most of the around three try obviously presented regarding the unique jobs they will have on the tale you to definitely comes after. Ch. 1 including brings up your reader towards the top priority of the publication overall.

The brand new role of your own central peoples star on the incidents narrated is strengthened by label the guy holds. Prior to within his lives Joshua is actually called just Hoshea (Nu 13:8,16), definition «salvation.» But after Moses changed their title so you’re able to Joshua, meaning » the father saves» (otherwise «The lord provides winnings»). When this same title (the fresh Greek style of which is God; come across NIV text message notice on the Mt 1:21) received to Mary’s firstborn guy, it understood him since the servant from God that would over what God did having Israel from inside the a preliminary method from the earliest Joshua, namely, overcome all efforts out-of evil around the world and provide God’s anybody to their eternal «rest» (look for Heb 4:1-11 and you may notes).

From the Hebrew Bible the publication out-of Joshua initiates a division known as Former Prophets, also along with Evaluator, Samuel and you may Leaders. Talking about all the historic in the articles however they are composed from a good prophetic view. They do more than just record the country’s record of Moses toward slide from Judah for the 586 b.c. It prophetically interpret God’s covenant means that have Israel ever — how the guy satisfy and you can stays genuine to help you their guarantees (specifically as a consequence of their servants such Joshua, the latest evaluator, Samuel and you can David) and just how the guy works together this new waywardness of Israelites. For the Joshua it absolutely was the father which won brand new wins and you can «offered Israel all of the property he’d bound to give the forefathers» ().

Author and you can Date

In the view of numerous scholars Joshua was not created until the termination of the period of the leaders, specific 800 decades pursuing the actual occurrences. But you will find major causes to help you matter which completion also to place the time of composition far earlier. The first Jewish way of living (Talmud) claim that Joshua composed his very own book with the exception of the final section on the their funeral service, that is attributed to Eleazar guy off Aaron (the very last verse must have become extra because of the a later on publisher).